The THAI Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam

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    The THAI have a population of more than 1,449,084 inhabitants living in the provinces of Lai Chau1, Dien Bien2, Son La3, Hoa Binh4, Thanh Hoa5 and Nghe An6. They are also called Tay. Their subgroups include Tay Dam, Tay Khao, Tay Muoi, Tay Thanh, Hang Tong Pu Thay and Tho Da Bac. The THAI language belongs to the Tay-Thai group7.

    The THAI are experienced in building dams, digging canals and erecting water-wheels to water their fields. Wet rice Is their staple food, especially sticky rice. The THAI also clear milpas for rice, subsidiary crops and other trees. Many families engage in husbandry, basketry, weaving and ceramicware-making.

   THAI brocade is very well-known for unique colorful patterns and durability.

     In recent decades, THAI men have adopted the Kinh’s style of dress, while THAI women retain their traditional clothes Iincluding short vests, long black skirts, scarves and ornaments. The THAI live in houses on stilts. A THAI village, called ban, comprises on average 40-50 houses built side by side. The BLACK THAI houses have the roof shaped like a tortoise carapace with decoration called khau cut at each of the ridge.

    Matrilocal residence is the rule in the THAI society. Until the couple have a child they come to live in the husband’s house. The married BLACK THAI women must wind their hair in a bun atop their head.

   According to the THAI’s concepts, the deads will continue their life In other world. Thus a funeral is a farewell party to see off the dead persons to meet their ancestors in the uppermost world.

    The THAI group comprises many family lineages. Each lineage retains its own tabooes. The THAI people worship their ancestors, heaven, earth, village and muong (several ban form a muong). Every year they also hold rituals relating to agricultural production. A new year starts with a ritual to greet the first thunder.

   The THAI possess a valuable legacy of myths, legends, ancient tales, stories in verses and folksongs. Their well-known epics include the Xong chu xon xao (Farewell to Her Lover), Khun Lu Nang Ua (Lord Lu and Lady Ua). The THAI knew how to write in a time Immemorial, so they have kept on tissue papers many epics and rules. The THAI like to sing, in particular khap-a recitation accompanied by stringed instruments and dances. They have many famous xoe dances.

   Har, khuong and Con throwing are also of the THAI’s unique cultural characters.

Thai people - holylandvietnamstudies.com
THAI people – Bath in the stream at Lai Chau province (Source: VNA Publishers)

SEE MORE:
◊  The COMMUNITY of 54 ETHNIC GROUPS in Vietnam – Section 1.
◊  The BA NA Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BO Y Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRAU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRU-VAN KIEU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHO RO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CO HO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CONG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHUT Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHU RU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHAM Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The DAO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The GIAY Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Viet Nam – Phan 1.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BA NA  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHO RO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHAM trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHU RU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHUT trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CONG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi DAO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIAY trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIA RAI trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi HOA trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHANG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHMER trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  etc.

BAN TU THU
09 /2020

NOTES:
1 : … updating…

NOTE:
◊  Source & Images:  54 Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Thong Tan Publishers, 2008.
◊ All citations and italic textes has been set by Ban Tu Thu – thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

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