The SAN CHAY Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam

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        The SAN CHAY community consists of two major subgroups:  Cao Lan and San Chi, with a total population of more than 162,031 inhabitants. They mainly concentrate in Tuyen Quang1, Bac Can2, Thai Nguyen3, Bac Giang4, Quang Ninh5, Yen Bai6, Lang Son7 and Phu Tho8 Provinces. The language of the Cao Lan is close to that of the Tay and the Nung while that of the San Chi to the Han dialect in Guangdong Province (China). Ancestral worship is the main practice but Is influenced by Taoism and Confucianism.

   The SAN CHAY mainly cultivate wet rice and agriculture plays an important role. A village comprises of dozens of families from several lineages. Formerly, houses-on-stilts were very popular in the settlements of the San Chay. Now houses are built on the ground. One of the two outer comers of the house is a small compartment for the ancestral altar, regarded as the holiest section in each family.

    The traditional femae costumes of the Cao Lan are five-panelled long dresses, belts, headscarves and trousers. In the former days, men were dressed like the Tay and Nung. Today, the attire of the SAN CHAY tends to imitate the Kinh or Tay. On ordinary days, women use a cord carrying the knife sheath as a waist belt.

    On festive occasions, they usually wear 2-3 silk belts of different colors. The SAN CHAY community belongs to various family lineages of several branches each. Each lineage possesses their peculiar habits and customs as well as worship a definite genie. The father is the head of the family. The family of a young man organizes the marriage. After wedding, the wife stays living with her parents and visits her husband’s family now and then. She settles definitively at the husband’s house only after child-bearing.

    The SAN CHAY possess many old tales folk songs, proverbs and sayings. Particularly, sinh ca (alternating love chants) is the most attractive form of cultural activity. The SAN CHAY also have many dances like the drum dance, bird dance, harpoon-fishing dance, shrimp-catching dance, and lamp-lighting dance.

    The most popular musical nstruments are castanets, small copper bels, cymbals, drums, wind instruments and ceramic-bodied drums.

    At ceremonies and festivals, there are many forms of entertainment such as top spinning, con throwing and standing on the head.

San Chay house - holylandvietnamstudies.com
SAN CHAY’s house in Tuyen Quang province (Source: VNA Publishers)

SEE MORE:
◊  The COMMUNITY of 54 ETHNIC GROUPS in Vietnam – Section 1.
◊  The BA NA Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BO Y Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRAU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRU-VAN KIEU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHO RO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CO HO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CONG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHUT Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHU RU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHAM Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The DAO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The GIAY Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Viet Nam – Phan 1.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BA NA  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHO RO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHAM trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHU RU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHUT trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CONG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi DAO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIAY trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIA RAI trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi HOA trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHANG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHMER trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  etc.

BAN TU THU
09 /2020

NOTES:
1 : … updating…

NOTE:
◊  Source & Images:  54 Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Thong Tan Publishers, 2008.
◊ All citations and italic textes has been set by Ban Tu Thu – thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

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