The TA OI Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam

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   The TA OI have a population of over 38.946 inhabitants divided into three local subgroups: Ta-uot (Ta Oi, Ta-hoi), Pa Co and Ba Hi. They concentrate in A Luoi District of Thua Thien-Hue1 Province and Huong Hoa District of Quang Tri2 Province. The TA-OI language belongs to the Mon-Khmer group3 and is close to the Bru-Van Kieu and Co-tu languages.

   In the past the TA OI practise slash-and-bum cultivation. For some time now the growing of wet rice has been rapidly developed. They are good at horticulture and fish rearing in dug ponds.

   TA OI women wear shirts and skirts. In some localities, long skirtsare worn knotted up to cover their chests. Men wear loincloths and short vests or leave their upper body naked. Copper, silver or bone jewelry and beads are popular.

   Customs of filing teeth and tattoo are no longer observed. Currently, they dress similar to the Viet people.

   In a traditional TA-OI village, the communal house called rong is built in the center of the village whie in some certain places, there exist “spirit houses” built on outskirts of the habitation for vi lagersh meetings, festivals and public activities.

   Formerly, they lived In elongated houses of which some could be I0 m long. The interior is divided into rooms or partitions. Each room reserves for a small nuclear family. There was also a space floor for receving guests and meetings of the family. These elongated houses are now replaced by smaller hojses built on stilts or on the ground.

    Each TA OI lineage has Its own name and certain taboos. Children take the family name of their father. Only sons have the right to inherit family estate. The head of the lineage plays an impcrant role even in village affairs.

   Young TA-OI men and women are free to choose their partners in a traditional way of meeting each other in the fields and exchanging their “belief objects“. Then the family of the young man relies on a matchmaker’s assistance in proposing marriage. After the wedding the bnde becomes a member of her husband’s family. Marriage between decendents of a paternal aunt and a maternal uncle Is encouraged, but if a man of A lineage marries a woman of B lineage, thus marriage between man of B lineage and women of A lineage Is prohibited.

    The TA OI believe In animism and organize many ceremonies to venerate Giang (gemes) for blessing human beings, croos and animals. According to custom, after reentenng the dead, a beautiful funeral house Is buift with decorative statues around.

   The TA OL preserve many proverbs, folk songs, puzzles and legends retracing their origin and the struggles between the rich anc the poor, the good and the devil, and the faithful love between men and women. Folksongs comprise Ka-loi, Ba-boih, roin and especially romantic Cha-chap. Gongs, stringec zithers, flutes, trumpets, drums and pan-pipes are popular musical instruments.

The TA OI - holylandvietnamstudies.com
The TA OI comeback to hamlet (Source: VNA Publishers)

SEE MORE:
◊  The COMMUNITY of 54 ETHNIC GROUPS in Vietnam – Section 1.
◊  The BA NA Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BO Y Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRAU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRU-VAN KIEU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHO RO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CO HO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CONG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHUT Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHU RU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHAM Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The DAO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The GIAY Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Viet Nam – Phan 1.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BA NA  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHO RO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHAM trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHU RU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHUT trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CONG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi DAO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIAY trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIA RAI trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi HOA trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHANG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHMER trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  etc.

BAN TU THU
09 /2020

NOTES:
1 : … updating…

NOTE:
◊  Source & Images:  54 Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Thong Tan Publishers, 2008.
◊ All citations and italic textes has been set by Ban Tu Thu – thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

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