The PU PEO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam

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   With a 900 population, the PU PEO concentrate in the China-Vietnam border region in Dong Van, Yen Minh and Meo Vac Districts of Ha Giang1 Province. They are also called Ka Beo and Penti Lo Lo. Their language is close to that of the Co Lao, La Chi and La Ha and belongs to the Kadai group2.

   The PU PEO mainly grow maize, rice, rye and beans on milpas and terraced fields. Farming instruments include    ploughs and rakes and cattle as traction. In the past the staple food In dally meals was steamed com flour.

   The attire of PU PEO women still retains its national identities manifested through their hair style, scarves, skirts, vests and aprons. They exploit pieces of cloth of different colors to create decorative patterns. Men dress like other ethnic groups in the region.

Their houses are built on the ground in small clusters. The PU PEO settle alternating with the Hoa and Hmong. Each family lineage has Its own system of middle names. Within a lineage, those of the same generation are given the same middle name.

   They strictly observe the rule of liner marriage. If a man of A lineage marries a woman of B lineage, then men of this B are never allowed to get wives from the A. Many people of other ethnic groups have become daughters-in-law or sons-in-law of PU PEO families. The groom’s family seeks marriage for him and, after the wedding party, the bride joins the family of her husband. Children take their father’s family name; the father or husband is the house owner.

   Funeral rites comprise the bunal ceremony and offerings presenting ceremony. The PU PEO attach great importance to ancestral worship. On the altar are often placed small earthen jars, each jar symbolizes a generation. The PU PEO hold many annual ceremonies and festivals.

    The PU PEO are one of few ethnic groups still using bronze drums, but only at rituals. In PU PEO customs, there are male and female drums set in pairs. The two drums face each other and a person standing in between beats them.

Pu Peo people - holylandvietnamstudies.com
Terraced fields in Ha Giang province (Source: VNA Publishers)

SEE MORE:
◊  The COMMUNITY of 54 ETHNIC GROUPS in Vietnam – Section 1.
◊  The BA NA Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BO Y Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRAU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRU-VAN KIEU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHO RO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CO HO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CONG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHUT Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHU RU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHAM Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The DAO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The GIAY Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Viet Nam – Phan 1.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BA NA  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHO RO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHAM trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHU RU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHUT trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CONG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi DAO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIAY trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIA RAI trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi HOA trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHANG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHMER trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  etc.

BAN TU THU
09 /2020

NOTES:
1 : … updating…

NOTE:
◊  Source & Images:  54 Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Thong Tan Publishers, 2008.
◊ All citations and italic textes has been set by Ban Tu Thu – thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

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