The RO MAM Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam

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   The RO MAM have about 418 people inhabiting in Le Village Mo Rai Commune, Sa Thay District of Kon Tum1 Province. The RO-MAM language belongs to the Mon-Khmer2 group.

    Formerly, the RO MAM lived mainly on growing sticky rice as their staple food on milpas. Men dug holes by two sticks and women went behind them to sow seeds Into the holes. Hunting and gathering still play a fairly important role in their economic life. At present, they cultivate not only rice and com but also coffee and pepper. Husbandry is promoted too. Among their sidelines weaving was most developed but it has declined recently, because the RO MAM adopt industrial cloth ard ready-to-wear garments.

   RO MAM women often wear lungis and short-sleeved shirts. The lungis are made from coarse cloth without decoration and fall down below their knees. Men wear loincloths of which the front lap hangs over their knees and the rear lap to their shins. According to old customs, young people had their upper teeth filed. Nowadays, this practice is abrogated. Women like to wear earrings bracelets and necklaces made from beads.

    The village of the RO-MAM is caled a de-headed by an old chief who is elected by villagers. In the past a RO-MAM village comprised about ten long houses. Nowadays the long houses are no longer built instead, the RO-MAM live in small tile-roofed houses-on-stilts. There is a rong (communal house) at one end of the village.

    The RO MAM’s matrimonial rites are performed in two steps: engagement and wedding. The faithfulness is highlighted In the conjugal life. When a person dies his or her burial is carried out within one or two days. The cemetery is located in the west of the village and the tombs are arranged orderly. The deceased is never buried facing to the village and the cemetery is never located to the east for fear that the death will go through the village like the sun does. After the burial, a tomb-house is built and the deceased Is given with properties.

    The RO MAM’s beliefs are related to agriculture. Rituals and ceremonies are held in the production cycle from clearing land plots to carrying rice to the granary are their communal actvitles which are still preserved up to now.

Ro Mam people activities - holylandvietnamstudies.com
The activities of RO MAM people in Kon Tum province (Source: VNA Publishers)

SEE MORE:
◊  The COMMUNITY of 54 ETHNIC GROUPS in Vietnam – Section 1.
◊  The BA NA Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BO Y Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRAU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRU-VAN KIEU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHO RO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CO HO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CONG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHUT Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHU RU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHAM Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The DAO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The GIAY Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Viet Nam – Phan 1.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BA NA  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHO RO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHAM trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHU RU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHUT trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CONG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi DAO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIAY trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIA RAI trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi HOA trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHANG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHMER trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  etc.

BAN TU THU
09 /2020

NOTES:
1 : … updating…

NOTE:
◊  Source & Images:  54 Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Thong Tan Publishers, 2008.
◊ All citations and italic textes has been set by Ban Tu Thu – thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

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