The BRU-VAN KIEU have a population of more than 62.954 inhabitants from different local subgroups also called Bru, Van Kieu, Tri, Khua and Ma-coong. They inhabit in concentration in the mountain regions of Quang Binh, Quang Tri, and Thua Thien-Hue Provinces. The BRU-VAN KIEU live mainly on slash-an-bum or flooded cultivation. Hunting gathering and fishing supplement an important source of daily food. They rear cattle and poultry firstly for religious sacrifices then for their meals Basketry and palm mat-making are their sidelines
The BRU-VAN KIEU live in small houses-on-stilts which are appropriate to a nuclear family including parents and unmarried children. A BRU-VAN KIEU village Is called vil or vel. In a village near the rivers or streams, the houses are always arranged along the current In fiat and extended terrain, the houses are arranged in more or less regular circles around a communal house. Nowadays, in certain places, some families have built houses on the ground.
The village chief plays an important role and enjoys high prestige of the villagers. Many BRU-VAN KIEU family lineages preserve tales retracing the origin of their ancestors and retain certain taboos.
Young BRU-VAN KIEU men and women are free to choose their partners. The parents have respect for their children’s choice It is customary that at the wedding the family of the groom hands to that of the bride a sword. When the bride was brought to her husband’s house she has to go through complicated rites including preparing cooking washing her feet and having dinner together with her husband. The maternal unde says the last words to the marriage rites and housing construction.
Ancestor worship is the most Important religious activity among the BRU-VAN KIEU. They also have venerations of sacred objects such as a sword and a fragment of a bowl. In their concepts of animism, the BRU-VAN KIEU worship the genies of mountain, the earth, trees and especially fire and the kitchen.
The BRU-VAN KIEU preserve a rich treasury of traditional arts and literature. Musical Instruments are numerous: drums, gongs, knob gongs, wind instruments (induding amam, ta-rien, kho-lul and pi) and string zithers (including achung and po-kua). Folk singing is popular, particularly cha chap (sung stories) and sim, alternative chants between young men and women. Folksongs, proverbs and legends are quite rich.
◊ The COMMUNITY of 54 ETHNIC GROUPS in Vietnam – Section 1.
◊ The BA NA Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊ The BO Y Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊ The BRAU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊ Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Viet Nam – Phan 1.
◊ Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): Nguoi BA NA trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊ Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊ Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊ Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
BAN TU THU
1 : … updating…
◊ Source & Images: 54 Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Thong Tan Publishers, 2008.
◊ All citations and italic textes has been set by Ban Tu Thu – thanhdiavietnamhoc.com