The SAN DIU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam

Hits: 221

    The SAN DIU have a population of about 140,629 people inhabiting in the mildlands of Quang Ninh1, Bac Giang2, Phu Tho3, Bac Kan4, Thai Nguyen5 and Tuyen Quang6 Provinces. They have other names such as San Deo, Trai, Trai Dat and Man Quan coc (Man in shorts). The San Diu language belongs to the Han group.

   The SAN DIU engage in farming in submerged fields, milpas or river banks. They also practise animal husbandry, forest exploitation, fishing, fish-raising, tile-ard brick-making, blacksmithing and basketry.

   For a time immemorial, the SAN DIU manufactured the no-wheel cart drawn by a buffalo to transport goods.

   The San Diu’s daily meals include steamed rice and porridge. They use weak porridge as refreshments.

   The SAN DIU have gradually adopted the Kinh’s clothes. It is San Diu women’s habit to chew betel and always bring with them a grapefruit section-shaped doth bag to contain betel and a small knife to cut areca. The bag is embroidered with many colorful motifs and the knife is protected by a wood scabbard engraved with many beautiful figures.

    The SAN DIU settle in small hamlets. Their house is built on the ground; the roof is covered with thatch or tiles and the walls are built by soil or unbaked bricks.

    Patriarchy is the rule of San Diu family. The husband (father) is the head of the family. Children take their father’s family name and only sons have the right of inheritance. Parents decide the marriage of their children. The “examination of age” of the future couple is conducted before the wedding party.

    The funeral is celebrated with many rites. Three years after the burial, the dead is reintered. This is also one of the San Diu’s joyful ceremony. The San Diu worship their ancestors, the god of the kitchen, the genie of the earth and even the Goddess of childbirth. In a year, they hold many ceremonies which are related to the production cycle. The SAN DIU also worship Kwan Yin, Three Taoist Saints and their craft founders.

    The San Diu’s traditional folksongs are rich. They sing alternating songs (soong co) in their cultural activities and at festivals. They possess an unique treasury of stories, particularly stories in verses. The dances are always performed to serve funerals. Musical instruments comprise noms, clarinets, drums, flutes, cymbals and castanets, to serve the religious ceremonies. Many folk games are.

San Diu's house - holylandvietnamstudies.com
SAN DIU’ house in Tuyên Quang province (Source: VNA Publishers)

SEE MORE:
◊  The COMMUNITY of 54 ETHNIC GROUPS in Vietnam – Section 1.
◊  The BA NA Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BO Y Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRAU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRU-VAN KIEU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHO RO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CO HO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CONG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHUT Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHU RU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHAM Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The DAO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The GIAY Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Viet Nam – Phan 1.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BA NA  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHO RO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHAM trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHU RU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHUT trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CONG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi DAO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIAY trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIA RAI trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi HOA trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHANG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHMER trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  etc.

BAN TU THU
09 /2020

NOTES:
1 : … updating…

NOTE:
◊  Source & Images:  54 Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Thong Tan Publishers, 2008.
◊ All citations and italic textes has been set by Ban Tu Thu – thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)
en English
X