The XINH MUN Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam

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    With a population of more than 21,946 persons, the XINH MUN live in border communes of Yen Chau, Song Ma Moc Chau Districts (Son La Province1) and Dien Bien Dong District (Dien Bien Province2). Their other names are Puoc and Pua. Puoc Da and Puoc Nghet are two local subgroups. Their language belong to the Mon-Khmer group3.

    In the past, the XINH MUN chefty grew glutinous rice and com in burnt-over land. They used digging sticks, hoe or plough to prepare the milpas. In some areas, there are submerged ricefields. Formerly, buffaloes, goats and pigs were generally allowed to wander at will. Now, many villages have set up sheds and sties far from houses. Gathering and hunting add to the improvement of their living conditions. Fine and durable basketry articles are bartered with the Thai and Lao for garments and other utensils. It is the habit of the XINH MUN to chew betel, dye their teeth black, and drink alcohol with bamboo straws.

    The Xinh Mun have abandoned their nomadic life to settle in populous villages. Their houses on stilts have roofs shaped like a tortoise carapace, two stairways at both ends of the house. The majority of the inhabitants have the family names of Vi and Lo. Each lineage have their own taboos. Children take their father’s family name. In the house, when the father dies the eldest son holds an important position.

     In marriage, the family of the groom must give money and tributes to the bride’s family. After proposal, engagement and wedding the husband lives in his wife’s house for several years. When the married couple have children, the wife is welcomed to her husband’s house. In the period of matrilocal residence, the couple must change their own names and take another name given by their maternal unde, the wife’s parents or the sorcerer. Women often give birth at home. When the child is a month old, he or she will be given a name by the sorcerer at the request of the parents. When a person dies, members of his family fire guns to announce the sad news to villagers. The dead is buried permanently.

    The XINH MUN worship ancestors of two generations in a comer of the house. The rituals are held only when the family stars building a new house, takes new rice or organizes a wedding party. When the wife’s parents pass away, they are worshipped in a smal single-roofed hut in the garden. In production, the XINH MUN hold many ceremonies and have many taboos. Villagers jointy organize a ceremony In honor of the village spirit annually, and this is also the occasion to worship the spirits of the persons who died In their boots. Previously, the XINH MUN also participated in the yearly ceremony in honor of the spirits of the muong held by the Thai in the locality.

Xinh Mun community - holylandvietnamstudies.com
XINH MUN’s house in Dien Bien province (Source: VNA Publishers)

SEE MORE:
◊  The COMMUNITY of 54 ETHNIC GROUPS in Vietnam – Section 1.
◊  The BA NA Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BO Y Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRAU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRU-VAN KIEU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHO RO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CO HO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CONG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHUT Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHU RU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHAM Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The DAO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The GIAY Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Viet Nam – Phan 1.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BA NA  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHO RO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHAM trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHU RU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHUT trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CONG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi DAO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIAY trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIA RAI trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi HOA trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHANG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHMER trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  etc.

BAN TU THU
09 /2020

NOTES:
1 : … updating…

NOTE:
◊  Source & Images:  54 Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Thong Tan Publishers, 2008.
◊ All citations and italic textes has been set by Ban Tu Thu – thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

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