The MUONG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam

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   The MUONG have a population of more than 1.230,054 inhabitants living in the northern provinces. The largest part is concentrating in Hoa Binh Province1 and the mountain districts of Phu Tho2 and Thanh Hoa Provinces3. The MUONG are also called Moi, Mual, and Moi. The Muong language belongs to the Viet-Muong group4. The MUONG practise polytheism and ancestor-worship.

   The MUONG live in hamlets in the areas where arable land is available, near the roads and very convenient for production. The MUONG practise farming for a time immemorial. Wet rice is their main staple food. In the past, they prefered sticky rice to ordinary rice. Family extra-occupation is to exploit forest products Including mushroom, amomurn, stcklac, cinnamon, honey, timber, bamboo and rattan. Handicrafts are Dopular such as weaving, basketry and silk spinning. MUONG women are very skillful in weaving. MUONG men dress indigo pajamas. Women wear white rectangular scarves, bras, short vests open at the front or at the shoulders. Their long skirt is made of colorec silk and embroidered with geometric motifs, dragons, phoenixes, deer and birds.

   In the former days, the lang dao (chieftain) system dominated the Muong society. The lang dao families including the Dinh, the Quach, the Bach and the Ha continuously rued the Muong regions. Several villages form a muong (district) which is headed by a lang cun (district chief). Under lang cun were langxom (village chief) or dao xom (hamlet chief).

   The Muong custom of marriages is manifested in the same way of the Kinh (induding plighting ceremony, betrothal ceremony, weeding approval and fetching the bride from her oarents). Formerly, when a woman was giving birth to a child, her family surrounded the main stairway by a bamboo wattle. The child will be given true name when it is one-year-old. In the funeral, there is often a soccerer who recites verses about the creation of the world and old arcestors.

   The MUONG hold many annual ceremonies such as: Going to the fields (khuong mua), praying for rain (in the fourth lunar month), washing rice leaves (in tne seventh and eighth lunar months), and new rice ritual.

 Muong popular literature and arts are rich, with long poems, mo (ceremonial songs), folksongs, legends, dialogue duets, proverbs, lullaoles and children’s songs. Gong is a peculiar musical instrument of the MUONG. Apart from this, there are two-stringed violin, flutes, drums and pan-pipes. The MUONG in Phu Tho Province5 use bamboo pipes to tap at the wooden floor to make lyrical sourds. This performance Is called dam duong.

Muong' people is throwing - holyllandvietnamstudies.com
MUONG poeple’ throwing the net (Source: VNA Publishers)

SEE MORE:
◊  The COMMUNITY of 54 ETHNIC GROUPS in Vietnam – Section 1.
◊  The BA NA Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BO Y Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRAU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRU-VAN KIEU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHO RO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CO HO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CONG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHUT Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHU RU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHAM Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The DAO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The GIAY Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Viet Nam – Phan 1.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BA NA  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHO RO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHAM trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHU RU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHUT trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CONG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi DAO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIAY trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIA RAI trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi HOA trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHANG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi KHMER trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  etc.

BAN TU THU
08 /2020

NOTES:
1 : … updating…

NOTE:
◊  Source & Images:  54 Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Thong Tan Publishers, 2008.
◊  All citations and italic textes has been set by Ban Tu Thu – thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

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