The GIE TRIENG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam

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    With 31,343 population, the GIE-TRIENG live in Kon Tum1 Province and the mountain area of Quang Nam2. Their local subgroups are Ve, Trieng, Gie and Bnoong. Their language belongs to the Mon-Khmer4 group.

    The GIE TRIENG live mainly on cultivation in burnt-over land. Hunting, fishing, and food gathering supply foodstuffs for daily meals. They raise cattle, pigs and poultry chiefly for sacrificial purposes.

    Their attire is simple. Men wear loincloths and women wear lungis or tube-skirts long enough to cover their chest In cold weather, a blanket is used. Women of the Bnoong subgroup wear leggings.

    The GIE TRIENG live in long horses-on-stilts, some with gabled roofs shaped In tortoise carapace. Generally, houses in a village are arranged in a circle around the Rong (communal house) which is separated into halves by a corridor running from one end to the other one for males and the other for females.

    Each inhabitant (except for the Bnoong subgroup) has both name and surname. The family name is different between male and female. Each family lineage has its own taboos and a story explaining the family name and taboos. Formerly, sons took the father’s family name and daughters the mother’s. According to old customs, boys of about 10 years of age started to stay overnight at the communal house. At the age of 13-15, they filed their teeth and would take a wife a few years later. Young girls decide the marriage on their own initiative and their choice Is respected by the family. Before engaging in matrimonial life, young men should know basketry and gong playing while women should be good at mat making and cloth weaving (in the areas having the weaving craft). A young woman must have 100 fagots of firewood as tribute to her husbandds family at the wedding. The newly-married couple alternately accept matrilocal and patrilocal residence In shifts at an Interval of 3-4 years until the parents of one side pass away.

    The GIE TRIENG believe that all beings have “soul” and “spirit“, so ricual ceremonies and predicing good/bad omens have prevailed. The sacrifice of a buffalo is the greatest. Apart from family rituals, once every several years the entire village jointly hold a buffalo-slaughtering ceremony to pray for peace and express gratitude to the spirits. A dead person is buned in a pirogue-shaped coffin decorated with a sculptured buffalo head. The grave is shallow. The funeral procession is attended by some relatives only. Afer a time, a “grave abandoning” ceremony Is held to go out of mourning.

Buffalo Slaughtering Gie Treing Festival - holylandvietnamstudies.com
Buffalo Slaughtering GIE TRIENG’s Festival (Source: VNA Publishers House)

SEE MORE:
◊  The COMMUNITY of 54 ETHNIC GROUPS in Vietnam – Section 1.
◊  The BA NA Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BO Y Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRAU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The BRU-VAN KIEU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHO RO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CO HO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CONG Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHUT Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHU RU Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The CHAM Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The DAO Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  The GIAY Community of 54 Ethnic groups in Vietnam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo): CONG DONG 54 Dan toc Viet Nam – Phan 1.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BA NA  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BO Y trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRAU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi BRU-VAN KIEU  trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHO RO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHAM trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHU RU trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CHUT trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi CONG trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi DAO trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIAY trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  Vietnamese version (vi-VersiGoo) with Web-Voice (Web-Audio):  Nguoi GIA RAI trong Cong dong 54 Dan toc anh em o Viet Nam.
◊  etc.

BAN TU THU
07 /2020

NOTES:
1 : … updating…

NOTE:
◊  Source & Images:  54 Ethnic Groups in Vietnam, Thong Tan Publishers, 2008.
◊  All citations and italic textes has been set by Ban Tu Thu – thanhdiavietnamhoc.com

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